NodeJs Vs Golang: Which is The Best Choice for Backend Development?

By AppsDevPro | Saturday, August 26th, 2023


Quick Summary Blog:
When it comes to developing a mobile app, choosing the right backend language is always a challenging task. These days Node.js and Golang are the two most surging backend languages. But, if it comes to NodeJs Vs Golang, who will win the race? To make the best decision, let’s compare the various areas in this blog.

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NodeJs Vs Golang, which is the best choice of backend programming language? With the wide choice of programming languages, it is always challenging for businesses and developers to pick the right tech stack for your project.

When you make a decision to build an app or website, it is really important to have a smooth and robust backend to make your applications run smoothly.

But before you jump straight on choosing the right programming language, you need to understand what exactly backend development is…

Let’s make it simple for you…

Did you know Facebook, Amazon, Instagram, and Uber are the few top applications that are generating trillions of revenue every year

Wondering why there leveraging millions of active users and how they are sustaining in the tough market competition?

Well, it’s only its – BACKEND that makes these apps like well-oiled machines…

When it comes to app development, keep in mind that some data needs to be stored and retrieved to make it work flawlessly. Also, make sure that there’s some logic in place and out to be calculated carefully to ensure seamless functionality. And this is what backend development is. It is all about writing the codes to create APIs, libraries, and components that make your app interactive with users.

Since the backend is the most essential part of your application, therefore hiring a mobile app developer in India is a worthy decision. 

In addition, to create a strong and robust app backend you may have already heard about Node.js and Golang. But again both are dominating the landscape of backend development. So if it comes to NodeJs Vs Golang, then which one you will choose?

For this, we have a detailed comparison between Node.Js ve Golang…

NodeJs Vs Golang: An Overview of the Concept

When it comes to app development, there are various different programming languages to choose from. The two most popular choices are Golang Vs Node.js. So which one should you use for your next project? Here’s an introduction to Go and Node.js in 2023 as leading backend technologies…

What is Node.js?

NodeJS is a server-side, open-source platform created using Google Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine. Introduced in 2009, NodeJS has become the most popular platform to build cross-platform applications. It contains an event-driven and asynchronous I/O (Input Output) model, which helps developers to design scalable server-side applications written in JavaScript.

Since Node.js is written in JavaScript, so writing both client-side and server-side scripts becomes easier as developers have to use a single language. Moreover, it is supported by open-source JS libraries so the process of developing a mobile app becomes easier.

Here’s a growing picture of Node.js.

NodeJs Vs Golang

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Key Highlights of Node.Js

So what features make Node.js stand outside in the competitive market? Here are a few valid reasons…

  • Node.Js can help you cut the loading time by 50-60 as you can develop the front end and back end using the same language.
  • As it offers highly efficient and up-to-date features, therefore various tech giants such as Netflix, PayPal, Walmart, Trello, and Uber, have put their interest in the Node.Js.
  • According to W3Tech, Node.Js powers at least 30 million websites as it uses JavaScript runtime environment.

These are quite influencing highlights of Node.js that make it outshine other languages, but “Why Do Business Should Use Node.Js?”

What Is Node.Js Used For?

Node.js serves as a tool for crafting both straightforward and intricate network applications. It excels in handling various network-related tasks and adapts well to their demands. This runtime environment, based on JavaScript, is valuable for establishing environments on the server side and constructing applications that involve networking.

When it comes to crafting applications that require constant, instant communication and where the server should not hold up for data from an API, Node.js is a great option.

Instead of getting deep into discussing the scalability, security, and performance of Node.js, let’s get to the real factors that make Node.js a much-liked language in 2023.

Real-life Case Studies of Node.js

Here are a few real-life examples of using Node.Js:

NodeJs Vs Golang

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PayPal- Experienced Better Response Time While Migrated From Java To Node.js

Whether it’s about mobile apps or websites, users trust those platforms that are speedy and responsive. So when PayPal experienced a drop of 35% in the average response time they make a decision to switch from Java to node.js. And finally, the same pages have served 200ms quicker response.

Companies Have Noticed a 12% Reduction in Cost

By upgrading to newer technology, you can easily improve performance and able to reduce development time. So this is what companies have experienced after using Node.js for two years and noticed a 12% reduction in development costs.

So now you have a complete understanding of Node.js, its features, and why it is popular among developers and businesses. 

Do you want to build an app with Node.js? Read more to know about “How to develop a full-stack React Native app using Node.js for Backend development”.

So let’s take a look at the Golango…

What is Golang or Go?

Golang, also known as Go, is a statically-typed programming language with syntax loosely derived from C but also features garbage collection, type safety, and dynamic-typing capabilities. It was launched in 2009 and recognized as a simple, efficient, and scalable language which makes it a great choice for constructing distributed large systems.

Among the main feature of Golang is its concurrency support, which makes it easy for programmers to write concurrent programs. 

In addition to its emphasis on simplicity, it is also a powerful language that is easy to learn for developers coming from other languages. It has a small standard library, which means that common tasks, like connecting to a database require the support of external libraries.

Apart from its simplicity, Go is a powerful language used in a wide range of applications, including server infrastructure, networked programs, and command-line utilities.

Here is a representation of Golang and its market position.

NodeJs Vs Golang stats

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But now the question is Why Golang is surging in demand? Let’s check out the key highlights of Golang…

Key Highlights of Golang

Here are the key features of Golang that make it demanding among developers and businesses.

  • Golang is a versatile language that can be used for several purposes. 
  • It features an easy-to-use syntax, therefore new coders can learn it easily.
  • As Golang is a statistically-types language, therefore, there is less chance of having errors.
  • Codes written in Golang are easier, simpler, and quicker to debug.
  • Golang comes with excellent documentation so developers can easily go a step further.

So you know the baseline of Golang and Node.js and the upsides of these languages. And it is safe enough to say that both are powerful languages and can be used for backend development. But when it comes to Node.js Vs Golan, which one will you choose?

What Is Golang Used For?

Golang, also known as Go, is a versatile programming language that finds its application in creating a wide array of software. It’s particularly useful for developing intricately structured application systems that emphasize speed and security.

Significantly, Golang is employed in tasks such as system programming, building expansive distributed systems, and crafting network applications and servers that can handle heavy loads. 

Additionally, it’s utilized in cloud-based development, the creation of web applications, and even in endeavors involving big data and machine learning.

Real-life Case Studies of Golang

Let’s check out what companies have used Golang:

  • Docker: Go’s efficiency and concurrency support were pivotal in creating Docker, simplifying application deployment using containers.
  • Kubernetes: Go’s concurrency features powered Kubernetes, an orchestration platform for containers, facilitating automated deployment and scaling of applications.

Read also: Hire Dedicated App Developer in India and Its Cost

NodeJs Vs Golang: Let’s Battle Began!

So we already have a detailed overview of both languages, and many of you find both of them quite powerful. But in the race of choosing the best over one another, it is worth diving into the NodeJs Vs Golang comparison. So before you are getting biased of hiring a Node.js app developer in India, let’s compare both languages in different areas.

Here is a detailed comparison between NodeJs Vs Golang:

1. NodeJs Vs Golang: Speed and Performance

No matter how complex your project requirements are, you always hire an app developer in India to build an app that ensures excellent performance and load quickly. That’s why developers love Node.js. But in recent years, Golang has upper hand on Node.js in terms of performance.

Let’s understand how!

Since the Golang compiler compiles programs directly to machine language, compiling time is always nearly as fast as compiling time for C and C++. This is advantageous because a Golang compiler doesn’t rely on an extra, emulation layer which adds delay in the development process.

Furthermore, Golang comes with a built-in garbage collector that automatically frees up unused memory spaces, hence increasing available memory and reducing security vulnerabilities related to memory leaks.

On the other hand, Node.js is trusted by 47.12% of developers as it uses the fastest JavaScript engine, called V8. Also, the codes are reusable in Node.js which makes it a great choice for the development of even-based applications that updates data in real time. In fact, Node.js can be used for a wide choice of applications such as instant messaging, online chatting, chat apps, video chat apps, and more. 

NodeJs Vs Golang stats

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However, using Node.js with static typing and TypeScript is generally slower. Also, Node.js cannot offer CPU and memory-bound task performance, so the version is not as specific as Golang and may perform well or below average depending on the complexity of the project.

All-in-all, Golang surpasses the Node.Js in regard of how the programming language should perform and how quickly and efficiently it will compiles and execute the instructions. 

2. NodeJs Vs Golang: Popularity and Community

When it comes to developing an app and hiring web developers in India, professionals always prefer to choose a language that has the biggest community support and a high market position. 

Google has launched its Golang in 2009, so the language is quite mature. And same level of maturity is leveraged by Node.js as it’s also from the same year. But being written in JavaScript and close to it, Node.js has developed a much larger support system over the years.

According to the W3Tech survey report, Node.js has a leading market position in 2023.

NodeJs Vs Golang

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But if considering the figures of Github, then Golang has an edge over Node.js. Being backed by an enthusiastic community, Go has outgrown at a fast pace.

Here are a few figures explaining the popularity of both languages:

Github PopularityGolang: 109k Stars / 3.5k Watching / 16k Forks

Github Popularity – Node.js: 93.6k Stars / 2.9k Watching / 25.3k Forks

So when it comes to NodeJs Vs Golang in regard to popularity and community support, Golang is clearly a winner but it doesn’t mean that Node.js is away from the competition. 

3. NodeJs Vs Golang: Scalability and Concurrency

Businesses with a need of developing enterprise-level applications are always in the search of languages that can help in building a scalable backend. In order to achieve its goal of building production-ready, commercial-scale applications, Google defined scalability as its top priority.

Though both Node.js and Golang are highly-scalable languages Go offers better scalability and concurrency than Node.js. So when before you hire software developers in India, make sure you have a clear understanding of these languages in terms of scalability. 

Here is a quick table to get an idea …

NodeJs Vs Golang comparison

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Node.js is a single-threaded platform where instructions are executed sequentially. It may seem like a good practice, but while building and handling enterprise-level applications, Node.js make it more challenging for developers to handle massive scaling and multiple processes.

With a Node.Js single-threaded programming model, CPU-bound tasks can sometimes block the event loop, resulting in a slow app and an unhappy user base.

On the other hand, Golang can work with over 1,000 requests per second when using concurrency. This makes Go more scalable and concurrent than Node.js. Furthermore, Node.js is an asynchronous JavaScript engine that runs single-threaded which makes it difficult to manage multiple processes at the same time.

So in the NodeJs Vs Gojang comparison, it is clear that Golang is faster than Node.js because it allows concurrency through go-routines, which results in faster processes.

Read more to know about “How Node.Js Development Services Are Fueling Next-Level Web Solutions?

4. NodeJs Vs Golang: Learning Curve

The learning curve is another important factor to consider when choosing the right backend language or tool. Instead, of just getting straight to hiring a software developer in India, you need to understand which programming language is easy to learn.

In the NodeJs Vs Golang comparison, Node.js is easier to learn than Golang as it relies on JavaScriptwhich is already popular among the majority of developers. In fact, engineers from all across the world are familiar with JavaScript, and learning Node.js won’t be a challenge for them. 

Moreover, in case, developers who are not familiar with JavaScript can still learn Node.js with the little help available on the internet. There are a number of courses and content available and accessible on the internet that make it more convenient to learn Node.js than Golang.

On the other hand, developing an app using Golang requires developers to learn its specific processes, concepts, rules, pointers, strict typing, interfaces, coroutines, and much more. In the case of Golang,  developers may find a steeper face of learning curve.

In this comparison, it appears that Node.js has a lower learning curve than Golang.

5. NodeJs Vs Golang: Error Handling

Another parameter that needs to be focused on in languages is the capability of error handling. 

So while you are eyeing up the battle of Node.js Vs Golang in terms of error handling, both languages offer optimum solutions. 

Node.Js uses the same traditional approach of the “Try and Catch” error technique where you can identify errors only when they occur. 

On the other hand, Golang can locate errors at the moment when the program code is flowing in a uniform manner. All you need is to hiring app developers in India that have good knowledge of Golang.

Moreover, the latest studies have shown that there will be a better error-handling process implemented in the latest version of Golang.

So in a nutshell, both Node.js and Golang are similar in terms of providing error-handling solutions.  

Do you want to hire full-stack developer in India but not sure how much does it cost you? If yes, then read more to understand the hourly cost to hire full-stack developer in India

6. NodeJs Vs Golang: Development Tools

With all the libraries and tools out there to help us, the time and cost spent on the development process will go down.

And when comparing Golang with Node.js in regard to the availability of development tools, Node.js is the king. Node.js has a wide choice of development tools available to build anything from simple apps to highly-complex applications.

In fact, the NPM itself consists of approximately 800,000 ready-made tools for any specific task, which makes the process much more straightforward and simpler.

On the other hand, Golang is quite young in the backend development ecosystem. However, still, they’re wonderful tools for solving specific tasks. But there isn’t as much as Node.js has to address any particular issues.

From our comparison, it’s safe enough to say that Node.js has wider options of development tools than Golang, simply because it’s used for both frontend and backend development.

NodeJS Vs Golang: Let’s Settle The Battle

Now you know everything about NodeJs and Golang but how will you decide that which is programming language is better to use – when and where? Let’s understand it deeply…

When to Use Node.js:

  • Real-time Applications: For instant messaging, online gaming, or live streaming where real-time interaction is crucial.
  • High-concurrency Applications: When handling a large number of simultaneous connections or requests.
  • Microservices Architecture: When building modular, independent components in a microservices setup.
  • APIs: For developing efficient RESTful or GraphQL APIs that process requests asynchronously.
  • Single-page Applications (SPAs): As a backend for SPAs to manage API requests and provide real-time capabilities.
  • Streaming Applications: Data streaming platforms, like video streaming, that require efficient handling of data chunks.
  • Developer Productivity: If your team is familiar with JavaScript, using Node.js for both frontend and backend can streamline development.

Where to Use Node.js:

  • Web Applications: For creating server-side logic in web applications.
  • Real-time Chat Applications: To handle multiple connections and deliver real-time messages.
  • IoT Applications: For managing a large number of connected devices in Internet of Things projects.
  • Collaboration Tools: Building collaborative platforms that require instant updates and interactions.
  • Data-Intensive Dashboards: Applications with real-time data visualization and updates.
  • APIs and Backend Services: To efficiently handle incoming API requests and process data.
  • Proxy Servers: For load balancing and routing requests between different services.

Keep in mind that while Node.js is a great choice for certain scenarios, it might not be suitable for CPU-intensive tasks or applications with complex computations. Always evaluate your project’s specific requirements, team expertise, and the overall architecture before deciding to use Node.js.

When to Use Golang (Go):

  • Concurrency: Choose Go when your application needs to handle many tasks concurrently, thanks to its lightweight goroutines and channels.
  • Performance: Opt for Go when performance is crucial, as its compiled nature results in fast execution and efficient resource utilization.
  • Network Applications: Use Go for creating network-centric applications that require efficient handling of many concurrent connections.
  • Microservices: Go is well-suited for building microservices due to its simplicity, low memory overhead, and rapid startup time.
  • Scalability: When your application needs to scale horizontally and manage numerous simultaneous tasks, Go’s concurrency features are advantageous.
  • Command-Line Tools: Go’s quick compilation and cross-compilation capabilities make it an excellent choice for building efficient command-line tools.
  • Cloud-Native Apps: Go’s small binary size and minimal dependencies make it ideal for developing containerized, cloud-native applications.
  • Real-Time Systems: For applications that demand real-time capabilities and quick response, Go’s concurrency support is beneficial.

Where to Use Golang (Go):

  • Networking: Go is great for building chat servers, APIs, and other networking applications that require handling multiple connections concurrently.
  • Distributed Systems: Go’s simplicity and efficiency make it suitable for constructing distributed systems and microservices architectures.
  • System Programming: Choose Go for tasks like developing operating systems, drivers, and low-level software components.
  • Cloud Computing: Go’s strengths in networking and concurrency make it well-suited for cloud-based applications and services.
  • CLI Tools: Go’s efficient compilation and ease of creating cross-platform binaries are perfect for crafting command-line tools.
  • Real-Time Applications: Go’s concurrency capabilities are beneficial for applications needing real-time updates, such as online gaming and live data visualization.
  • High-Performance Services: Go shines when building high-performance services, thanks to its efficient memory usage and parallel execution.
  • Big Data and Machine Learning: Go’s performance and expanding libraries make it increasingly used in big data and machine learning projects.

Remember, while Go is versatile, it might not be the best fit for tasks that heavily rely on libraries outside its ecosystem or require intricate parallelism on multi-core CPUs. Your project’s specific requirements and your team’s expertise should guide your decision.

Conclusion: Node.Js Vs Golang: Who Wins The Race?

With this comparison, you may have got an idea that both languages have a good potential to develop a strong app backend. Here, the out simple aim of writing this blog is to help you understand what language is more suitable for different development environments. But by hiring a mobile app developer in India, you can easily pick up the right language and able to build a strong backend. 

If you have any app development requirements but are not sure how to translate them into a scalable product, then AppsDevPro can help you build the right app. You can contact us or drop a query below. 


Node.Js Vs Golang: Who is the Winner?

When it comes to choosing the right platformthe app development, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Both Node.js and Golang are powerful programming languages used to build efficient and scalable web applications. Both Node.js and Golang offer a number of advantages, including fast development, support for popular frameworks, and integration with other software services.

But which is better?

Node.js is an open-source, server-side JavaScript runtime environment that enables developers to quickly build dynamic web applications and websites. With its extensive library of packages and modules, developers can quickly create web apps with minimal coding. Node.js is also compatible with many popular databases and web frameworks, allowing developers to quickly integrate their existing code into their apps.

Golang is a statically typed, compiled language developed by Google. It’s been described as “C for the 21st century” for its speed, reliability, and scalability. Golang is also highly compatible with many other software services and databases. Additionally, it has robust support for popular frameworks such as Rails, Django, and AngularJS.

What Are the Benefits of Choosing Golang for App Development?

Choosing Golang for developing your app can be a great decision for many reasons. Golang is an open-source programming language that has been used in many successful software applications. It is easy to learn and offers a reliable and efficient platform to build your app on. 

Here are some of the benefits of choosing Golang for your app:

1. Improved Performance: Golang is known for its fast performance, so it is ideal for developing apps that need to be both fast and reliable. This makes it perfect for any app, which needs to be responsive and efficient to ensure a good user experience.

2. Easy to Scale: When building a app, scalability is essential. With Golang, you can easily scale your application with minimal effort as your business grows.

3. Robust Security: Security is one of the most important considerations when building an app, and Golang helps you to achieve this with robust built-in security features. You can be confident that your data and user information is protected with the highest levels of security.

4. Reliable Documentation: With well-organized documentation, Golang makes it easier to develop and maintain your app. The documentation covers topics ranging from development and deployment to coding conventions, which helps developers stay up to date with the latest version of the language.

In conclusion, Golang is a great choice for developing a app due to its improved performance, scalability, robust security, and reliable documentation. By choosing Golang, you can be sure that your application will perform quickly and reliably for all users.

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